Security Council – International Organization Statements
The Small Five Group is a likeminded group that has put forth recommendations for Security Council reform, mainly on the Working Methods of the Security Council. Compromised of Switzerland, Costa Rica, Jordan, Liechtenstein and Singapore, the Small Five Group (S5) has presented various draft resolutions since 2008 calling for Security Council reform.
The most recent S5 draft resolution was released in April 2011. Ultimately, the April 2011 S5 resolution advocates for the reform of the Security Council’s “working methods.” By this, the S5 group meant that greater transparency must be practiced in formulating reports and working papers within the Security Council. Other issues discussed included membership; the question of veto power; and questions regarding the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly.
Background: Security Council
The Security Council is one of the main organs of the United Nations, and consists of 15 members: 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members. The 5 permanent members (China, Russia, France, UK, and the United States) all hold the power to veto any resolutions put forth. The other 10 non-permanent members have the power to put forth and vote on resolutions. These other members hold their seats for two years, and one group of five is rotated every year. The Security Council elections are a critical moment in the United Nations, as member-states are given the opportunity to vote on and pass the most critical resolutions in the United Nations.