ICJ Elections 2014

7 November 2014

 The elections to appoint five new judges of the International Court of Justice began yesterday morning and continued throughout the course of two days.  The elections were held to fill the seats of judges Bernardo Sepúlveda-Amor (from Mexico); Kenneth Keith (New Zealand); Mohamed Bennouna (Morocco); Leonid Skotnikov (Russian Federation); and Joan E. Donoghue (United States) whose terms will end on the 5th of February, 2015. 

Although retiring judges are eligible for re-election, only Donoghue and Bennouna were included among the nine candidates approved by the national groups of the Permanent Court of Arbitration.  The list of approved candidates, as well as their curricula vitae, was circulated by the Secretary-General in early August. 

The candidates were Jemal Ould Agatt (Mauritania); Eugénie Liliane Arivony (Madagascar); Mohamed Bennouna (Morocco); Sayeman Bula-Bula (Democratic Republic of the Congo); Susana Ruiz Cerutti (Argentina); James Richard Crawford (Australia); Joan E. Donoghue (United States); Kirill Gevorgian (Russian Federation); and Patrick Lipton Robinson (Jamaica).

Several consecutive rounds of voting were required to identify five candidates with an absolute majority of votes in both the General Assembly and the Security Council.  Although five candidates exceeded the required 97 votes in the first round in the General Assembly, these candidates differed from those who received the needed 8 votes in the Security Council. 

Prior to the first round of voting, Agatt withdrew from the elections.  Arivony and Bula-Bula withdrew after the second round of voting, in which they were the only candidates to not reach the threshold of 97 votes.  Following an additional three rounds, four judges obtained an absolute majority of votes in both the General Assembly and the Security Council.  Judges Mohamed Bennouna and Joan E. Donoghue were re-elected as Members of the Court, and James Richard Crawford and Kirill Gevorgian were elected as new Members of the Court. 

Deliberations resumed this morning to fill the fifth vacancy in the Court. The contest came down to two candidates, Robinson of Jamaica and Cerutti of Argentina.  After seven rounds of voting, it remained unclear whether Robinson or Cerutti would be elected.  Although Robinson received an absolute majority of votes in the Assembly during each round, Cerutti received an absolute majority in the Security Council. 

The President of the General Assembly announced that voting would resume on Monday the 17th of November at 3 pm.

Please see below for a complete account of voting results in the General Assembly on the 6th and 7th of November. 

 

6 November 2014

Round I

193 Present and Voting; 1 Invalid

Donaghue— 155

Bennouna— 147

Gevorgian —143

Robinson—135

Cerutti— 124

Arivony—50

Bula-Bula— 42

Round 2

191 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Bennouna— 152

Donaghue— 152

Gevorgian —150

Crawford –136

Robinson – 136

Cerutti— 118

Arivony— 31 (withdrew)

Bula-Bula— 25 (withdrew)

Round 3

192 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Bennouna— 165

Donaghue— 160

Gevorgian —154

Crawford –144

Robinson –141

Cerutti—116

Round 4

192 Present and Voting; 1 Abstention

Bennouna— 161

Donaghue— 158

Gevorgian —147

Robinson –141

Crawford—138

Cerutti— 108

 Round 5

192 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Bennouna-159

Donaghue—156

Gevorgian—145

Crawford—141

Robinson—139

Cerutti--95

 

7 November 2014

Round 6

192 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson—115

Cerutti—77

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 7

192 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson—121

Cerutti—71

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 8

192 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson—123

Cerutti—69 votes

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 9

Announcement: appointment of members to JIU will be held Monday, Nov 10

189 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson –121

Cerutti—68

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 10

190 Present and Voting; 1 Abstention

Robinson—125

Cerutti—65

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 11

191 Present and voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson—127

Cerutti—64

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required. 

Round 12

191 Present and Voting; 0 Abstentions

Robinson—130

Cerutti—61

Robinson secured an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly.  However, the President of the GA was informed by the President of the SC that Cerutti had obtained an absolute majority in the Security Council.  Another round of voting was required.